The Khmer Rouge regime arrested and eventually executed almost everyone suspected of connections with the former government or with foreign governments, as well as professionals and intellectuals.
Ethnic Vietnamese, ethnic Thai, ethnic Chinese, ethnic Cham, Cambodian Christians, and the Buddhist monkhood were the demographic targets of persecution.
Analysis of 20,000 mass grave sites by the DC-Cam Mapping Program and Yale University indicate at least 1,386,734 victims of execution.
Estimates of the total number of deaths resulting from Khmer Rouge policies, including disease and starvation, range from 1.7 to 2.5 million out of a 1975 population of roughly 8 million.
If you plan to enter or exit Cambodia via a land border crossing, confirm before you travel that it's open to foreigners and, if required, that visas on arrival are available. Be especially alert to the local security situation in border regions and land crossings between countries.
Monitor local media and follow the instructions of local authorities. Six legal international border crossing points are open for foreign travellers on the Cambodian-Thai border at Cham Yeam (Koh Kong), O Smach (Oddar Meanchey), Poipet (Banteay Meanchey), Prom (Pailin), Daung (Battambang) and Chorma (Oddar Meanchey).
If you're travelling to Thailand for tourism, you may be eligible for a 15-day "visa exemption". There is an ongoing dispute between Thailand and Cambodia over their shared border.A survivor of the genocide, Dara Duong, founded The Killing Fields Museum in Seattle, Washington, US. If you're travelling to Cambodia for tourism, you can apply for an electronic tourist visa (e-visa) online through the Cambodian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.His sentence was reduced to 19 years, as he had already spent 11 years in prison.
On February 2, 2012, his sentence was extended to life imprisonment by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia.
He faced Cambodian and foreign judges at the special genocide tribunal and was convicted on 7 August 2014 and received a life sentence.